Is a Broken Tooth a Dental Emergency?

A broken tooth can be a distressing experience, raising questions about whether it constitutes a dental emergency or not. Dental emergencies require immediate attention to alleviate pain, prevent further damage, and preserve oral health.

Dental Emergency

Before we determine whether a broken tooth is a dental emergency, it’s crucial to understand what constitutes a dental emergency. A dental emergency can be broadly defined as any oral condition that requires immediate treatment to alleviate severe pain, stop excessive bleeding, prevent further damage, or save a tooth.

Is a Broken Tooth a Dental Emergency?

Whether a broken tooth is considered a dental emergency depends on several factors:

Severity of the Break:

  1. Minor Chip: A small chip or fracture that doesn’t cause pain or expose the inner layers of the tooth may not require immediate attention. However, it should still be addressed by a dentist in the near future to prevent further damage.
  2. Major Fracture: If a tooth is significantly broken, with sharp edges or exposed nerves, it is a dental emergency. This can cause excruciating pain and requires immediate treatment to address pain and prevent infection.

Pain and Discomfort:

  1. Severe Pain: If the broken tooth is causing severe pain, especially when chewing or when exposed to hot or cold temperatures, it’s likely a dental emergency.
  2. Minimal Pain: A minor chip or fracture that doesn’t cause pain might not be an emergency but should still be evaluated by a dentist.

Bleeding and Swelling:

  1. Excessive Bleeding: If the broken tooth is causing profuse bleeding that doesn’t stop within a few minutes, it is an emergency.
  2. Swelling: Swelling in the affected area may also indicate an emergency, as it can be a sign of infection.

Location of the Tooth:

  1. Front Teeth: Broken front teeth, especially if they are highly visible, often require immediate attention to restore aesthetics.
  2. Back Teeth: While a broken back tooth may not be as immediately noticeable, it can still be a dental emergency if it causes severe pain or has sharp edges.

Existing Dental Conditions:

If you already have dental restorations (such as crowns, bridges, or implants) and one of them breaks, it is considered a dental emergency because it can affect the functionality of your teeth and may lead to further complications.

Steps to Take in Case of a Broken Tooth

If you experience a broken tooth and suspect it might be a dental emergency, here are the steps to take:

  1. Rinse Your Mouth: Gently rinse your mouth with warm water to remove any debris or blood.
  2. Save any Tooth Fragments: If possible, save any broken tooth fragments and bring them to the dentist.
  3. Control Bleeding: Apply gentle pressure with a clean cloth or gauze to control any bleeding.
  4. Over-the-Counter Pain Relief: You can take over-the-counter pain relievers to alleviate pain, but avoid placing aspirin directly on the tooth as it can damage the gums.
  5. Contact Your Dentist: Call your dentist immediately to explain the situation and schedule an emergency appointment.
  6. Avoid Certain Foods: While waiting for your appointment, avoid hard, crunchy, or extremely hot or cold foods that could worsen the situation.


A broken tooth can be a dental emergency or a less urgent issue, depending on the severity of the break, pain, bleeding, and other factors. It’s essential to seek professional dental advice promptly to assess the situation and determine the necessary treatment. Ignoring a dental emergency can lead to more significant problems, so taking quick action is crucial for maintaining your oral health and well-being.


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